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The Ocean Enterprise Concept Ross, D.A., M.A. Champ, J.E. Dailey, and C.E. McLain In: Report to the National Science Foundation on the Ocean Enterprise Workshop, February 20-24, 1989, 13 pp., 1989 WHOI-R-89-018

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The Ocean Enterprise Concept: A National Strategy for Resource Development Ross, D.A., C.E. McLain, and J.E. Dailey Sea Technology, pp. 15-20, 1989 WHOI-R-89-019 In the late 1980’s less than 1% of the annual resources consumed in the United States comes from the sea. Yet the March 1983 Exclusive Economic Zone (EEZ) Proclamation by President Ronald…

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Overview: Marine Mineral Reserves and Resources–1988 Emery, K.O. and J.M. Broadus Marine Mining, Vol. 8, pp. 109-121, 1989 WHOI-R-89-008 Marine mining has been conducted on local and generally small scales for thousands of years. Large-scale recovery from beaches and piers began only about 40 years ago, and soon afterward powered ships and tools and new…

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